Sozo can use up to a series of six tools in their prayer sessions. They are:
- Father Ladder
- Four Doors (hatred, fear, occult, sexual sin)
- Presenting Jesus
- The Wall
- Trigger Mechanisms (Advanced Tool)
- Divine Editing (Advanced Tool)
Before we proceed to examine the tools themselves, I would like to advise the reader that, with exception to the incorrect theology underpinning the use of the “Four Door” tool, the tools themselves are all based on extra-biblical sources, i.e. sources occurring outside of scripture.
Please note that just because something is extra-biblical it doesn’t make it automatically wrong. After all, much of what we know about the history of the early Church comes from extra-biblical sources such as letters, other written historical documents, and oral accounts etc. passed on through the years.
However, extra-biblical material is exactly that – extra to or outside of the Bible. Therefore, extra-biblical material and teachings should not be considered on the same level as scripture which, as we know, is God breathed and infallible (2 Timothy 3:16).
Whether it is uttered by a pastor, a prominent figure in history, or even the pope in Rome… we must always use godly discernment to evaluate whether what is being taught is in line with scripture – the Christian’s only authoritative standard.
Teresa Liebscher of “Shabar Ministry” at Bethel Church notes:
“Neither Dawna or I have any Bible College education or other inner healing conferences which we attended for the theology or teaching. Dawna attended at the beginning of the Bethel Sozo ministry a conference by Aiko Hormann where she learned about the Wall and Triggers. Presenting Jesus is a small item from Ed Smith’s teaching (but we had been doing something similar in our sessions already). Where we got 4 Doors is explained in the Basic DVD training (which that would be the tool that has changed the most. We don’t use the 4 Doors as we did at the beginning. It is used more to obtain information).”1
Okay, so with all this in mind, let’s take a look at the following Sozo’ tools in order to try and understand them.
A) Father Ladder
The “Father Ladder” tool is designed to identify our earthly relationships and proposes that how we relate to certain social groups may affect how we relate to the Trinity. So as The Treasure Store notes:
“We tend to project our earthly experience of the people in the right hand column onto the corresponding person of the Trinity in the left hand column.”2
Sadly, The Treasure Store does not provide Biblical references to back up their teaching. And that’s not surprising, because the ideas they present do not come directly from the Bible. During personal correspondence with Liebscher, she noted:
“The Father Ladder was a part of a teaching that a former pastor on staff at Bethel taught during a Sunday School class. He taught it as Needs and Fears and we saw that it explained some of what we were doing in the Sozo session at the beginning of the start of the ministry. Then I put his information and our information and created the Father Ladder teaching.”3
Here’s a quick breakdown of the Father Ladder’s structure:
Left Hand Column Right Hand Column
God Father and other figures in authority
Jesus Brothers and sisters and any close friends
The Holy Spirit Mother and others who helped nurture/raise us
As the Sozo session progresses, “wounds and lies” will be identified. Allegedly it is these wounds and lies that we have picked up (primarily from our early childhood experiences) that influence “how connected we feel with each of the Godhead.” As we’ll discuss later on, the concept of “early childhood wounding,” as presented in Sozo, is not a Biblical based teaching, but one developed by Carl Jung as part of his “Archetype of the Inner Child” and first postulated by Sigmund Freud.
The basic premise of the Father Ladder is that should a Sozee be suffering in a particular area – for example, dealing with abandonment issues because their father left them as a child – it may result in that person feeling like God (who in this case is represented as the “father” figure part of the Trinity) has or will abandon them too.
So what about the Father Ladder idea, does it hold any weight? Well dear reader, this is not a reflection of any Biblical teaching.
On a purely human level, it’s at least imaginable that someone who has suffered years of abuse from a parental figure may end up struggling with the idea of God as their father. They might struggle with this so much, in fact, that when God talks about himself in terms of having positive intentions toward us “like our father,” that they cannot accept it based on past experience/feeling.
So how might we address the issue with this person or rather, what should that person believe about God? That He is a liar and is much more alike to an abusive parental figure, such as their human father or, that God is far more loving and caring toward us than any human example possible? Check out John 3:16, what do you think?
Keep in mind that we are instructed to believe and accept the things that the Bible teaches as true and not to fixate on what we think and feel from a human perspective. So even if someone did have issues with their human father, they are not to overlay those feelings onto God. If they do, then that is flawed or faulty thinking… they are not thinking in accordance with Scripture. I think that 1 Corinthians 2:10-16 is very helpful here.
Personally, I am always surprised when we read the Bible and still think that God could ever be as flawed as any of our human parents (no disrespect to parents intended – just highlighting the fact that our parents are, just like us, imperfect). To do this means that we are, on some level, choosing to reject the truth of God’s Word.
Getting fixated on which specific damaged social relationship we have had in our past so we can identify a “failed” or “flawed connection” with one of the Trinity is a purely humanistic approach and without Biblical merit. It also requires a lot of assumption.
For example, if someone has a bad relationship with a brother or sister, it doesn’t automatically mean that they have a “flawed connection” with or a faulty way of thinking about Jesus (see “Father Ladder” above). Nor does having a faulty way of thinking about Jesus automatically mean that we have some kind of damaged relationship with any of our siblings or close friends.
The overemphasis on labeling God and/or the Trinity with human terms is a surefire way to limit our understanding of Him. For example, the idea that the Holy Spirit is solely the nurturer and therefore “the mother,” according to the Father Ladder, neglects Biblical verses that ascribe similar traits to both God and to Jesus.
The Holy Spirit also convicts people of their sin (John 16:8) – is this then a uniquely “motherly” trait? Did Jesus and God never do such things? If not, then why did David repent of his sin when confronted by Nathan? Why did Israel repent when confronted by Moses after worshipping the golden calf? They did not yet know the Holy Spirit as we know Him – so surely this was the conviction of God, no? If the Bible states that God disciplines those whom He loves (Proverbs 3:12, Hebrews 12:6) – and the Holy Spirit provides conviction – should not the fatherly qualities of God also be ascribed to the Holy Spirit? After all, the Holy Spirit is a person, not a mystical force or power.
In Isaiah 66:13 God tells Jerusalem that He will comfort them like a mother comforts her child. In 2 Corinthians 1:3-4 God is also known as the “God of all comfort.” So why not classify God as having motherly qualities in the Father Ladder tool?
Jesus also tells Jerusalem in Luke 13:34 that He longs to gather her children together like a hen gathers her chicks. In Matthew 9:36 it says that Jesus had compassion on the crowds because they were “harassed and helpless.” Is compassion not a trait that is more closely associated with feminine qualities? So why does the father ladder tool not associate Jesus with motherly qualities and other nurturing relationships?
The truth is that we are made in God’s image, not He in ours.
God possess all the qualities that we find in humans. He is tender, loving, and kind, as well as fierce, wrathful, and violent – all qualities that we see reflected in humans. He is also solely above reproach, truthful always, all powerful, omnipotent, and when He forgives us, He forgives so completely to the point of choosing not to remember the sin He forgave in the first place – so in that, God also possess qualities that we humans do not have.
So back to the Father Ladder tool. Is it Biblical? No.
Not one scriptural reference can be presented to imply that if we have an issue with a certain family member or friends etc., that we may be projecting our relationship on to one of the Trinity members and, therefore, have a flawed connection with one of the Godhead.
B) The Four Doors (hatred, fear, occult, sexual sin)
The “Four Doors” are used during prayer sessions to attempt to identify four specific areas of sin that may have opened the Sozee up to demonic possession or oppression. The tool was first introduced into Sozo Prayer Ministry by Dawna DeSilva after attending a series of meetings at Bethel Church (we’ll explore this in detail in the Sozo Pillar 1 – Demonic Deliverance section).
According to The Treasure Store, the four doors are:
“doors to demonic bondage that people tend to “bolt” through to avoid emotional pain… The ministry helps people to step out from behind the doors, renounce the behaviour and beliefs associated with each door and to close the door behind them.”4
The Soso team leader may ask the Sozee if God or the Holy Spirit is speaking to them in one of the four sin areas (hatred, fear, occult, sexual sin). If so, the Sozee may then be asked to confess and renounce those sins so that access to the Sozee’s life via an “open door” can be prevented (by closing that specific open door).
So what’s wrong with this? Surely confessing sin is a good thing; after all, it’s Biblical to do so, right?
David in the book of Psalms asked God to search him and to see if there is any offensive way in him (Psalm 139:23-24). We are also instructed in the New Testament to examine and test ourselves to see whether we remain in the faith (2 Corinthians 13:5). So discovering faults/sins in ourselves through prayer and self-examination and then confessing and repenting of them is, indeed, godly.
The big problem with the Four Doors tool, however, is that the thinking behind it is not entirely scripturally sound and could lead to the spread of faulty thinking by attendees and the teachers that practice it. So what do I mean by this?
In Freedom Tools for Overcoming Life’s Tough Problems, author Andy Reese notes that the Four Doors tool:
“… has as its primary focus probing key areas of sin that show up in a person’s life…”5
First, let’s start with the idea that these four sins are the “key” or main areas that can invite demonic possession or oppression. According to the Bible, sin is sin and participating in it causes a separation between man and God (Isaiah 59:2, Colossians 1:21, Romans 6:23, 1 John 3:4, 1 John 5:17, Galatians 5:19-21). Focusing on just four areas may mean that we end up neglecting other sins in our lives – possibly trivializing and ignoring them.
For example, traditionally we are taught that the very first sin to occur was the sin of pride which was, as we know, committed by the fallen angel Lucifer (aka the devil). Lucifer, we are taught, had become arrogant and prideful and wanted to be like God.
The second sin to be committed was by Adam and Eve who disobeyed God (this could also be classified as rebellion since they already knew what they were not supposed to do and they did it anyway). Well according to 1 Samuel 15:23 (NIV), “… rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry…”
This then begs the question of why pride, arrogance, rebellion, and disobedience have not been included in the “Four Door” sin areas to be uncovered and repented of. Are these sins somehow less in God’s eyes? Does He not care about these sins as much as he does about hatred, fear, the occult, and sexual sin? I wouldn’t bet on it!
And what about murder? Why is this not included? Now some may argue that murder is covered by the inclusion of “hatred” in the Four Door tool (see 1 John 3:15), but what about those who kill for pleasure or personal gain? Think about the story of David and Bathsheba for a moment. Did David have her husband killed out of hate or to cover up his own sexual sin for personal gain?
To leave murder out seems an error if the Four Door tool is supposed to uncover and close the main doors that leave people open to demonic possession and/or oppression. In fact, Sozo the Foundations in Kansas City already thought the same thing as I and recently added a fifth door of “murder” to the Four Doors tool.6
The Sozo Gateway website also has another door of “theft.”7 So slowly it seems the four door tool is being changed to incorporate other sins from the Bible. I would imagine that should this trend continue, we will one day need to replace the “Four Doors” tool with a “Superhighway of Sin” door in order to accommodate all of the additions.
What about other sins such as gossip, bearing false witness, not loving your neighbor as yourself, and failing to honor your mother and father etc.? Are these not important? I could easily go on listing sins which, I believe according to the Bible, would be things that God does not like (check out Galatians 5:19-21) – but I won’t, I think you get the idea. Sozo’s selection of just four sin areas as “key areas of sin” is unscriptural.
Second, to the suggestion that these four specific sin areas, as identified by the Four Door tool, make people more vulnerable to demonic possession and/or oppression than others – so-much-so in fact that they deserve special recognition. Dear reader, this is completely without any Biblical merit whatsoever. To the best of my knowledge, I have never seen any such claims made anywhere in Scripture.
Does Jesus, or any of His’ disciples for that matter, ever outline the specific ways that someone might become “possessed” and then detail which ones are the worst or most dangerous? Does Jesus specifically point out hatred, fear, occult practice, and sexual sin as high “watch out for these” areas?
Sure, Jesus talks about sin and how bad it is if we do it – for example, Jesus tells a group of people that if anyone leads a little child astray it would be better for that person to have a large stone tied around their neck and drowned in the sea (Matthew 18:6) – but I don’t see Him saying that this kind of sin invites demonic possession or oppression any more than any other sinful practice.
In fact, this topic never seems to concern Jesus during His time here on earth; He simply encounters demons and kicks them out. So if it doesn’t concern our Lord, why should it concern us? Sin is sin so if you’re doing it, stop it, enough said.
So the Four Door tool is partially right in that it encourages the confession and renunciation of some sins, but its underpinning theology is flawed. It implies that these four sin areas are the major ways someone may “invite the demonic” into their lives. It may cause some Sozo attendees to think that, just as long as these four areas in their lives are clean, then they are completely fine.
C) Presenting Jesus
“Presenting Jesus” is based on the Jesus in our memories approach of Inner Healing, i.e. the idea that Jesus was present in our past and we only need to see Him and hear what He has to say about the painful situation we experienced in order to bring healing.
It is from the principals of Inner Healing and Dr. Ed Smith’s Theophostic Prayer Ministry (TPM) teachings that Sozo’s Presenting Jesus tool has been developed. We’ll get to Smith and the foundational teachings behind TPM and Presenting Jesus in the next section.
In TheoPhostic Counseling: Divine Revelation or Psychoheresy, the authors of the report list many examples of Smith encouraging his clients to visualize and to sense Jesus in their memory and to “report back what they see Him do and hear Him say.” According to the report’s authors, Smith declares in his original manual that it really is the real Jesus Christ showing up in the client’s mind and speaking to them “directly and in truth.”8
In a Sozo session, a Sozee may be asked to enquire of Jesus by asking:
“Jesus, when was the first time I felt (unprotected, not provided for, not comforted, etc )?”9
Reese’s Freedom Tools for Overcoming Life’s Tough Problems uses similar language such as:
“Jesus, will you take him to where he learned…”
“Jesus, show me where you are in this memory.”
“See, sense, feel Jesus?”10
A Basic Sozo Training handout from The Freedom Resource website goes on to explain the practice:
“This Sozo tool roots out lies we believe that cause us to experience emotional pain greater than our circumstances warrant. We invite the Truth in the person of Jesus Christ to speak into places in our hearts where these ungodly beliefs were formed. Once Jesus speaks truth, emotional wounds are healed, and our present circumstances are no longer so painful.”11
The Sozee is encouraged to allow God to show them a past memory where an emotional wound was caused. The Sozee is then encouraged to ask Jesus where He was while this painful moment was occurring. The idea is that although the Sozee may have experienced something deeply wounding in their past, if they can see where Jesus was in that past moment, they can understand what He was thinking, feeling, and what His intent was for allowing it to happen.
Rather than being based on Scripture, this tool has its origins in Agnes Sanford’s fundamental Inner Healing theology of the mid to late 1900’s, which we’ll also discuss fully in an upcoming section. In short, however, it was Sanford who first introduced to the Church the idea of Jesus being able to “enter into our past memories to bring healing.” Sanford was deeply influenced by Carl Jung and Emmet Fox who both taught similar “emotional healing of past wounds through an inward journey into our subconscious.” In Fox’s case this journey involved Jesus, in Jung’s case, it did not.
Again this tool, just like most of the others, is not taught by Scripture.
For those interested in learning more about visualization (for the purposes of this research, I mean creating a virtual image of Christ while in prayer) and it’s occult origins, you may wish to read the book, Occult Invasion: The Subtle Seduction of the World and Church by author Dave Hunt (note: I have not read this book but it has been recommended by others. Please exercise your own judgment).
D) The Wall
What’s “The Wall?” From the Flash Card Machine website we learn that the Wall is:
“a negative blockage in a persons soul that impedes the flow of God’s love which can activate that person’s gifting and character in Christ.”12
So what does this really mean? Well as far as I could glean from my research, this seems to be the idea that if a person is struggling in a certain area, let’s say to trust God for example, that it may be due to the person having constructed a (psychological or spiritual) wall. This would then prevent them from being able to fully trust Him and experience (feel) His’ love for them (construction of the wall is often determined to be a subconscious activity and not a conscious choice – hence needing divine revelation to discover it).
Further probing may reveal that the Sozee had, for example, been spiritually abused by Christian or Church leadership or some other such reason such as abandonment by a loved one etc., and, in order to protect themselves from further hurt, the person learned to no longer trust leadership or others in authority. This has resulted in the person having a tainted trust of God, i.e. the construction of a “wall” or “blockage.”
During the Sozo session, the Sosee may be asked to inquire of the Holy Spirit as to “what led to their building of the wall” and to have the circumstances behind their spiritual bondage and negative beliefs revealed (see above example). The Sozee is then to ask for a tool with which they can use to destroy this wrong/negative belief.
Again, is this Biblical? Nope, not one bit. In personal correspondence with Liebscher,13 I was told that the original “wall” teaching was sourced from Dr. Aiko Hormann and is detailed in the Sozo manual. As I noted in an earlier section, I did not have access to a Bethel’ Sozo manual when conducting this research. I was also unable to find any information on this kind of teaching on Hormann’s website.
Hormann does offer a training CD on “Self Defense Walls that Block God’s Blessings” and this may be from where Sozo obtained their “Wall” teachings, but I was unable to confirm this prior to publishing the research. (http://www.aikohormann.org/index.php/aikos-must-have-cds?page=shop.product_details&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=22&category_id=6&vmcchk=1)
As we’ll see later on, the Bible’s simple, yet powerful instruction for us to receive emotional healing is difficult for many believers to accept, particularly for those that feel there “must be something more” to bringing about the healing of their feelings.
It seems logical that a “root experience” could have a direct impact on how we may relate to certain individuals and situations. After all, such examples are often seen all around us.
In the instance of a wife who has suffered ongoing physically abuse at the hands of her husband, for example, she may become conditioned over time to expect that all husbands do this. She might then develop the idea that Jesus, who is coming back to “claim His bride,” will also treat her the same way as her abusive husband (see my earlier comments on rejecting the truth of God’s Word under the “Father Ladder”).
I can understand on a human level how someone so abused may develop such false thinking. But what’s the way to deal with this false concept of Jesus the bridegroom – through revealing the past hurt and “bringing healing to it” in order for this woman to trust Christ or by reading scriptural references that show what Jesus is really like and how different He is from her husband and for her choosing to trust those truths?
In the Bible it’s called the “renewing of our minds.” As we spend time in His word we see who He really is. The way we think about God changes as He reveals Himself and His’ character to us via Scripture. When we pray, the Holy Spirit then reminds us of the things we have read in the Bible, i.e. the very things that God says about Himself.
Not convinced? Let’s think about this from an evangelistic outreach stance point for just a moment.
If you were witnessing to a nonbeliever who had a negative view of God based on a previous hurt, would you:
- Insist on a Sozo prayer session to heal the original hurt that led to the creation of “the wall” so that the person’s thinking on God can become corrected? or
- Reason from the scriptures with them, trusting that God will use your words to reveal the truth about Himself?
What did Jesus do when He was here on earth? What does the Bible teach? Food for thought.
E) Trigger Mechanisms (Advanced Tool)
The last two tools of Sozo rely on a quasi-scientific approach to understanding the brain and how our minds work.
So what’s a “Trigger Mechanism?” This is one of the terms and tools taken from Dr. Aiko Hormann. Hormann also calls it, “button pushing.”14 As with Smith and TPM, we’ll discuss Hormann’s background and ministry in greater depth in the next section.
A trigger mechanism is anything that is said or done that causes us to remember an “unhealed traumatic event” and the associated feelings that go along with it (we can also have positive “triggering mechanisms,” but for the purposes of our discussion of Sozo as an “Inner Healing” tool, we are just focusing on the negative memories and associated feelings of trigger mechanisms).
Here’s an ultra-quick example of a trigger mechanism in practice. I personally struggle with going to the dentist because I don’t like to get injections. Even today I can clearly recall getting several vials of blood taken out for medical exams as a kid (over the course of just a few hours) which left me feeling very dizzy. I can also recall seeing a sheep get slaughtered when I was a very young age. Ever since that time, I have passed out or felt incredibly dizzy at the site of blood or when being injected.
In fact, even in certain situations today, you might only need to start talking to me about needles and I will start to get dizzy to the point of feeling like a 3 day old weak kitten! This is a very basic example of a trigger situation or mechanism and the negative associated feeling with that memory.
Basically, a trigger mechanism can be anything that causes a “flashback” and the remembrance of the associated feelings tied to it. Why the “associated feelings” with the memory?
As scientist Dr. Caroline Leaf explains in her book, Who Switched off My Brain (Thomas Nelson, 2009) our mind stores memories and emotions together. Leaf explains that when we recall a specific memory, the associated feelings will be experienced anew each time. Upon every recall, the associated memory feelings can either be reinforced (they get stronger) or altered… but they can’t be removed!
Leaf explains that we can either focus on the negative feelings that are associated with a particular memory, or, we can slowly start to try and change our associated feelings over time.
Another example I can share of this in practice is also one from my childhood days. During high school, I ended up labeled with a particularly offensive nickname. Later on in life, every time I recalled a memory of my being called by that nickname, I would also experience strong feelings of anger, hate, and unforgiveness toward the people that had used it.
As I chose to forgive the people that had hurt me, I conditioned myself to say (both in my mind and out loud), “I forgive that person who called me that name” every time I would remember that specific incident. So today when I recall the memory of those name-calling incidents, I no longer feel anger, hatred, or unforgiveness toward those people.
In this manner I also obeyed Jesus’ command to forgive my brother “70 times 7” (Matthew 18:22). So this then is an example of how to change the feelings associated with the memory – it took time, but I got there in the end – my mind (thinking) was renewed/changed (Romans 12:2).
Hormann, unlike Leaf however, claims that it is possible through specific and targeted prayer to sever the associated memory feelings altogether (i.e. remove them) – something which current brain science claims is not possible. It’s important to note that Hormann herself claims that God gave her this tool. She doesn’t say that it’s based on scientific research; she simply states that God gave her the ability to sever the feelings from the negative memories. This is what is meant by trigger mechanisms according to Hormann and as included in Sozo.
Now, we all know that God can perform miracles – it is absolutely within His power to act in this manner if He so chooses – i.e. to remove the negative feelings associated with a memory via divine intervention. But to expect that this will occur each and every time we pray for someone, without exception, is overreaching. After all, God has the power to raise the dead – a scientific and medical impossibility – yet, He doesn’t always do that when we pray in this manner, does He?
Later on we’ll see how forgiveness is one of the keys needed to change our negative emotions tied to our negative memories – a very solid and Bible based approach – no “special prayer” required.
F) Divine Editing (Advanced Tool)
“Divine editing” is not a new concept. It first originated with Freud (although he left out the “divine” part) and has been widely taught since (Agnes Sanford, Inner Healing). This tool, as used in Sozo, also comes from Dr. Aiko Hormann.
From Hormann’s website we read:
“If your childhood lacked nurturing, invite your Heavenly Father to fill in the voids created by lack of nurturing. He will “edit” your memories – both “edit out” painful memories and “edit in” His nurturing.”15
This is the idea that if you have a particularly painful memory you can ask God to remove it in its entirety and to replace it with something else.16 Later on as we discuss Inner Healing, I’ll give an example of this in practice and show how this teaching has no basis in Scripture.
According to the latest in neurological science, in order to no longer remember a memory, the brain either needs to be damaged (think head injury from an accident or blacking out due to overindulgence in alcohol which, as we know, destroys brain cells) or the memories need to be suppressed and the brain taught to avoid thinking on them (although in this instance the memory is not removed, it is simply repressed and avoided).
Medical researchers are working on wonder drugs able to delete our memories entirely and may, eventually, produce such a chemical and process for its application.17 But currently, it is not possible to delete our memories. Now, we might also simply forget certain events over time, but I’m referring to specific actions designed to remove memories… not what might happen as part of normal living.
Hormann gives us the example of a man imagining himself to “play horsey” with Jesus as a child (climbing on His back and riding him around). The idea is that although the man had an absentee father, by creating a memory of playing with Jesus while as a child, the man is able to bring relief to the emotional pain he feels when thinking on his nurture free upbringing.
Another example I found from the Internet reports an account of a woman who imagined herself as a baby being lovingly touched all over by her mother and having Jesus burp her. Like the man’s example above, this “divine edit” was used to bring about emotional healing to painful memories that the woman had about her Mother not loving her enough.
Modern science and psychology would call the “editing in” of a memory that never occurred in the first place the “creation of a false memory.” In fact, it’s something that psychologists attempt to avoid with their patients. Why? Because what is being created is not real. So if during a Sozo session the Sozee creates a “memory” of an event that did not exist, whether it involves Jesus or not, they are in fact creating a lie – a figment, an imagination, a false reality.
Dear reader, such “editing” isn’t found anywhere in Scripture – whether editing a memory “out” or “in” – so it amazes me then that Christians so readily accept such teaching and practice without any further thought. No wonder the Bible calls us sheep.
Again, God has all the power and can do whatever He wants. He is more than capable of acting in this manner – yet to teach this as an everyday occurrence through specific prayers in this area gives me great, great pause – especially given its extra-biblical and unscientific source.
1. Email correspondence. March 21, 2013
3. Email correspondence. March 20, 2013
5. Freedom Tools for Overcoming Life’s Tough Problems, page 101
8. TheoPhostic Counseling: Divine Revelation or Psychoheresy, page 85
10. Freedom Tools for Overcoming Life’s Tough Problems, page 202, Figure 10
11. http://thefreedomresource.org/documents/Moultrie.pdf, page 9
13. Email correspondence. March 20th, 2013
17. Brain Researchers Open Door to Editing Memory, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/06/health/research/06brain.html?scp=2&sq=todd%20sacktor&st=cse&_r=0